TYPES OF URINARY
Bladder control issues range in severity from a small urine leak when coughing or sneezing for example, to complete loss of bladder control. Urinary incontinence, urination urgency or uncontrolled bladder leakage is a common medical condition that affects many men and women. The severity and prevalence of urinary incontinence increases with age.
Stress, urge and overflow incontinence are the three main types of urinary incontinence and patients may experience one type or mixed.
You may experience stress incontinence if you experience urine leakage when you cough, laugh, jump or sneeze. When ‘stress’ or pressure is put on the bladder it can cause uncontrolled leakage of urine, commonly referred to as light bladder leakage, or stress incontinence. Involuntary loss of bladder control can cause embarrassment, leading to the restriction of enjoyable activities or exercise, to avoid leakage.
The sudden or intense urge to urinate, followed by involuntary loss of bladder control are signs of urge incontinence. Patients frequently need to go to the toilet in the night, thereby disrupting sleep. Due to the urge to urinate often coming on so sudden and intense, patients typically need to know where the nearest toilet is at all times which can cause stress and anxiety.
Overflow incontinence is when the bladder does not empty completely and uncontrolled dribbling of urine can occur.